Current monolithic blockchain designs are cripplingly inefficient. We are bound by the trilemma where higher throughputs necessarily mean lower security and/or decentralization. Modular architectures that specialize and split into discrete execution layers (e.g. rollups, volitions), security/consensus layer, and data availability layers (e.g. data shards) bring 100x-10,000x greater efficiency to the…

Awareness about rollups is increasing exponentially, but there are still too many bad takes. Here, I’ll address some of these myths and misconceptions to the best of my knowledge. Feel free to ask more questions, I’ll edit them in. Also, please correct me if I get something wrong.

I believe…

Trust is a powerful feature, not a bug. It’s one of the fundamental tenets behind our species’ wild success. Some crypto utopians may argue for a 100% trustless future, but there are two significant issues with this: a) there’s always weak trust involved, even in Bitcoin; and b) trust is…

You may have heard “the more activity there is, the cheaper fees on rollups”, “modular architectures invert the trilemma” etc. Here, I just want to write a brief post about how scaling actually works.

Users use rollups and pay a consolidated transaction fee. …

Vitalik has a brilliant article about the Endgame for blockchains. I’m obviously biased, but this may be my single favourite piece of writing about blockchains this year. While Vitalik is an actual blockchain researcher (and IMO, the very best our industry has) I’m just here for shits & giggles, and…

Polynya

Rants and musings on blockchain tech. All content here in the public domain, please feel free to share/adapt/republish.

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